Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3 e-bikes: Which eBike Class Fits You
Electric bikes, or e-bikes, are a popular form of transportation that has gained a lot of popularity in recent years. They are essentially bicycles that have been equipped with an electric motor that assists the rider when pedaling. E-bikes can be classified into three categories: Class 1, Class 2, and Class 3. each with different levels of power and speed that determine where and how they can be ridden. In this blog post, we will explore the differences between these three classes of e-bikes to help you make an informed decision when choosing an e-bike.

How to distinguish between class 1, class 2 and class 3 electric bicycles

Class 1 E-bikes

Class 1 electric bicycles are also known as pedal-assisted bicycles. They have only pedal assist, no throttle, and only provide assistance while the rider is pedaling. Once the bike reaches a speed of 20 mph, the motor stops providing assistance.

Class 2 E-Bikes

Class 2 e-bikes are also known as throttle-assisted e-bikes. They have a throttle that provides power assistance up to 20 mph.

Class 3 E-Bikes

Class 3 e-bikes, also known as speed pedal assistance e-bikes, are the fastest of the three classes with pedal assistance only and no throttle, providing assistance up to 28 mph.

Simply put, riders of Class 1 bikes must pedal (pedal assist) to get the motor to work. Class 2 riders have the option of pedaling or simply engaging the throttle for pedal-less cruising. Finally, riders of Class 3 bikes can pedal or cruise at speeds up to 20 mph but must pedal when speeds increase to 28 mph.


Applicable scenario

Class 1 e-bikes are allowed on bike paths, multi-use paths, and roads in most states. They are often used for commuting or recreational purposes, and they offer a smooth and comfortable ride.


Class 2 e-bikes are allowed on the same roads and paths as Class 1 e-bikes. However, they are not allowed on all bike paths and multi-use paths, and the rules vary from state to state. Class 2 e-bikes are often used for recreational purposes and are popular with people who want a little extra help climbing hills or carrying cargo.


Class 3 e-bikes are only allowed on roads and bike lanes, and they are not allowed on bike paths or multi-use paths. Class 3 e-bikes are popular with commuters who want to get to their destination quickly, but they can also be used for recreational purposes.


Battery Life and Charging Time

Another significant difference between Class 1, 2, and 3 e-bikes is their battery life and charging time. Class 1 and 2 e-bikes typically have a battery life of 20-50 miles, while Class 3 e-bikes may have a range of up to 75 miles. Charging time can also vary, with some e-bikes taking several hours to fully charge.



The cost of an e-bike can vary based on the brand, features, and specifications. Class 1 and 2 e-bikes are generally less expensive than Class 3 e-bikes, which have higher power and speed capabilities.

What Class Are Vivi Ebikes?

Vivi Ebikes has designed a 2-stage e-bike that has a throttle assist system that allows the rider to start the motor without pedaling. Several e-bikes have an assisted speed of 20 mph and some have a maximum assist speed of 25 mph.

Who Are Class 2 Electric Bikes Suitable For?

Class 2 electric bikes are suitable for a variety of riders, including those who:

  • Have limited mobility or physical limitations that make pedaling difficult
  • Want the convenience of being able to ride without pedaling
  • Plan to use their e-bike for commuting or running errands in urban areas with heavy traffic
  • Live in areas with hills or inclines that would make pedaling challenging
  • Want a little extra assistance when riding for longer distances or carrying heavy loads


Class 2 electric bikes are a great option for riders who want the convenience of being able to ride without pedaling but also want the benefits of a pedal-assist feature. With a maximum assisted speed of 20 mph, Class 2 e-bikes are suitable for a variety of riding scenarios, including commuting, running errands, and tackling hills or inclines. However, it's important to remember that regulations surrounding Class 2 e-bikes can vary depending on where you live, so be sure to check local laws before hitting the road on your new e-bike.

Rules You Should Follow/Know When Riding An EBike

It's important to note that regulations surrounding Class 2 electric bikes can vary depending on where you live. It's always a good idea to check with your local authorities to ensure that you're following any relevant regulations when riding your e-bike. The following are some of the rules to follow/understand when riding a Class 2 e-bike

  • A helmet should be worn at all times. If the driver is 17 years old or younger, then he/she must wear a helmet.
  • Many U.S. states do not allow children to ride electric bicycles. Therefore, you should be at least 13 years old to drive an electric bicycle.
  • Some states in the U.S. require paid registration for electric bicycles. In this case, you should find out if your state has a registration fee.
  • E-bike riders should always obey speed limit signs. Even some narrow lanes do not allow e-bikes to pass. If you are a responsible e-bike rider, then you should not disobey these signs.
  • The motor on your e-bike should not weigh more than 750 watts.
  • California has some strict regulations for electric bicycles. So if you are planning to buy an e-bike in California, then you should check your local laws.